Researching can be done in various fields and hence pursuing a career in the same will be fruitful.
One can choose it as a career option and for that he must pursue a PhD degree in the selected field of research. Although a master's degree provides a better in depth knowledge in a subject doing a PhD is also basically oriented around research. The main goal of a PhD is to draw new knowledge about a subject. After doing a PhD degree one can become a competent researcher in a particular subject and can carry his own research in his chosen area independently.
One must have a good knowledge to conduct a research in an area. One must be well acquainted with the area in which he is doing research and also about the related areas. He must be experienced in working with the research problems where outcomes are not known. A PhD program provides some course work to provide breadth of knowledge, some depth of knowledge in a particular area and also helps in gaining experience in working with research problems.
To have a well built career in researching we are required to have some necessary skills. One must have expertise in an area in which he should have full knowledge about the known and missing parts. One must be able to read and understand the research work, paper and reports and should be able to appreciate the complex issues that may be involved. The most important skill needed for researching is the ability to identify the research problems. It requires a good knowledge of the recent developments in the area to create a bigger picture to see what is missing. There must be some new idea and hypothesis which forms the foundation of research work. To develop the idea one must go through the research paradigms that have already been established. One must be able to present the results of his research. This is rather a difficult part as it involves convincing a group of people who will be reviewing the research work.
All of these above mentioned skills are developed during PhD programs. Many of these skills are not really taught but can be learned through commitment, dedication and perseverance. We can have proper training through different training programs available on the internet. The supervisor will help us gain motivation.
Thus, while doing a PhD one must be self motivated and committed. He must be able to work hard and long on problems. Researching is thus a lonely business and a PhD is the preparation to pursue a career in it. It is considered to be a tough career but we can make it easy and satisfying by developing the necessary skills during your PhD program.